The Slavs and the Avars


Omeljan Pritsak  (Gli Slavi occidentali e meridionali nell'alto medioevo, Spoleto, 15-21 aprile 1982, t. I, pp. 353-435)



Part __1_  ( Avars;  nomads of the steppe and nomads of the sea;  rule by professional warrior and merchant elites;  charismatic leaders usually living in towns before coming to power;  leader's retinue - the Germanic comitatus, the Old Turkic buyruq, the Hunnic boyla-r;  military slavery systems - the Mamlūks of Egypt/Syria, or the Ottoman qulluq;  military settlements - the Russian Kazak;  Pseudo-Avars)

Part __2_  ( the name «Slav»;  Jordanes;  Οὖννοι, Σκλαβηνοί, Ἄνται Venethi;  Vinidarii;  the Slavic and the Turkic linguae francae of the 500 AD )

Part __3_  ( the Ostrogothic and Frankish Vinidi;  Winidi and Samo;  Winidi and Antai - frontiermen;  Alans - cavalry )

Part __4_  ( the Sclaveni as a post-Gothic institution;  the Σκλάβοι/Σκλαβηνοί as the new military units for the new pax-builders in the steppe - the Proto-Bulgars, after the Germanic tribal withdrawal to Italy/Gaul;  all Proto-Bulgarian branches have their own Sklavin-/Ṣ(a)qlab;  the Khazar pax;  the five Sklavin bands attacking Thessalonica and their Hunno-Iranian names which reflect the Ponto-Caspian milieu of the time;  Proto-Bulgarian etymology of Sklavin- / Slav-;  the Sklavins as a new, amphibious, type of troops after the rise of Constantinople;  the Sklavins and the Avar pax )

Part __5_  ( nomadic paxes - Säbirs, (Pseudo)-Avars, and their need for manpower;  a Slavic lingua franca developing in the military camps of the Avar pax;  Germanic cultural borrowings in «Common Slavic» from the Winidi;  Serbs and Croats - successor states after the demise of the Avar Pax )


Selected bibliography


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