III. THE LANGUAGE OF THE SARMATIANS
3. The Sarmatian Dialects of the North Pontic Region
The Old Iranian group of phonemes *-gr- developed also along
two different lines. 1. -gr-, 2. -rg-.
Old Iranian *-gr- > -gr-.
'tribe beside the Maeotis' Strabo, XI 2, 11, Appianus, Mithr. 88: < Old Iranian *agra- ~ Avestan aγra- 'der erste, oberste'. Semantically, this tribal name corresponds exactly to the people's name (Strabo XI 9, 3) < Old Iranian *parvya- 'der erste'.
Old Iranian *-gr- > -rg-.
Gorgippia, Latyshev, IOSPE IV, 435: see above: < Old Iranian *aspa-ugra-.
Panticapaeum, Latyshev, IOSPE IV, 366, Tanais, Latyshev, IOSPE II, 443: this name, hitherto unexplained, may be also regarded as an equivalent of Old Iranian *ugra- 'stark, kräftig'.
IOSPE I, 64: after the preceding two names this one can be solved almost
< Old Iranian *ugra-,
~ Avestan bāzu-
'Arm': thus the whole name corresponds to an Old Iranian compound *ugra-bāzu-
'strong-armed', i. e. a bahuvrīhi-type
To p. 93. After examining the passage in App. Mithr. 88, it seems to me quite certain that the cannot be identified with the 'a tribe of the Maiotai' in Strabo XL 2, 11. Accordingly, the interpretation of this name from Old Iranian *agra- does not encounter any difficulty.
To p. 93. The correct interpretation of the name was already found by E. Benveniste: MSL 23 (1927) 133. Cf. also E. Benveniste: Études sur la langue ossète. 64, note 2.
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