The Nominalia is known from 3 Russian copies, discovered in the XIX^{th}
century. It is a list of the rulers of Bulgaria, starting with the first
two progenitors - Avitohol and Irnik, and ending with the 8^{th}
c. khan Oumor.

It is supposed that the text was initially written on rock columns
placed in the capital Pliska and that only afterwards (after the 8^{th}
century?) it was written down.

The original text in Latin transliteration:

'Avitohol zhit let T (300). Rod emou Doulo. A let emou dilomtvirem. Irnik zhit let RII (150). Rod emou Doulo. A let emou dilomtvirem. Gostoun namestnik sii B (2) let. Rod emou Ermi. A let emou dohs tvirem.

Kourt (60) let d'rzha. Rod emou Doulo. A let emou shegorvechem. BezmerG (3) let a rod emou Doulo. A let semou shegorvevhem. Sii 5 k'nenz dryzhashe knenzhenie ob onu stranou Dunaja F i EI (515) let ostrizhenniimi glavami. I potom pride na stranou Dounaja Isperih k'nenz tozhde i dosele.

Isperih knenz 60 i edino (61) leto. Rod emou Doulo. A let emou verenialem.

Tervel K i A (21) let. Rod emou Doulo. A let emou tekouchitem.

Sevar EI (15) let. Rod emou Doulo. A let emou toh altom.

Kormisosh ZI (17) let. Rod emou Vokil a let emou shegortvirem. Siizhe k'nenz izmeni rod Doulov rekshe Vihtoun.

Vineh Z (7) let a rod emou Oukil. A let emou imenoshegoralem.

Telec G (3) let. Rod emou Ougain. A let emou somor altem i sii inogo rad.

Oumor M (40) dni. Rod emou Oukil. A let emou dilomtutom.'

In English:

'AVITOHOL lived for 300 years. His clan Doulo. And his year DILOMTVIREM. IRNIK lived for 150 years. His clan Doulo. And his year DILOMTVIREM. GOSTOUN the deputy 2 years. His clan Ermi. And his year DOHS TVIREM.

KOURT reigned for 60 years. His clan Doulo. And his year SHEGORVECHEM. BEZMER 3 years and his can Doulo. And his year SHEGORVECHEM. These 5 princes reigned on the other side of the Danube for 515 years with shaven heads. And after that came to this side of the Danube prince ISPERIH, and the same is up to now.

ISPERIH prince 61 years. His clan Doulo. A his year VERENI ALEM.

TERVEL 21 years. His clan Doulo. And his year TEKOUCHITEM.

SEVAR 15 years. His clan Doulo. And his year TOH ALTOM.

KORMISOSH 17 years. His clan Vokil and his year SHEGORTVIREM. This prince replaced the clan Doulo, that is Vihtoun.

VINEH 7 years and his clan Oukil. And his year IMEONSHEGORALEM.

TELEC 3 years. His clam Ougain. And his year SOMOR ALTEM and he replaced another one.

OUMOR 40 days. His clan Uokil. And his year DILOMTUTOM.'

Figure 5.

[Back]