<!doctype html public "-//w3c//dtd html 4.0 transitional//en"> <html> <head> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=unicode"> <meta name="Author" content="Vassil Karloukovski"> <meta name="GENERATOR" content="Microsoft FrontPage 5.0"> <meta name="ProgId" content="FrontPage.Editor.Document"> <title>O. Maenchen-Helfen - The World of the Huns. - IX. Language</title> <style> <!-- A {text-decoration: none} A:hover {color: red; text-decoration: underline} --> </style> </head> <body> <div align=right><font size=1 face="Palatino Linotype">.</font></div> <center><b><font size=4 face="Palatino Linotype">The World of the Huns</font></b></center> <div align=right><font face="Palatino Linotype">.</font></div> <center><font face="Palatino Linotype"><b>Otto Maenchen-Helfen</b>&nbsp;<b><i> </i></b> <font size="2">(University of California Press, 1973)</font></font></center> <blockquote><font face="Palatino Linotype"><font size="1">&nbsp; <br></font><i><a href="contents.html">Contents</a></i> <br><i>List of Illustrations  <a href="foreword.html">Foreword</a>  <a href="editors_note.html">Editor's Note</a>  <a href="preface.html">Fragments from the Author's Preface</a>  Author's Acknowledgments (Fragments)</i><br><br><b>I. The Literary Evidence</b> <font size="1"> <br></font><i><font size="2">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Demonization  Equations  Ammianus Marcellinus  Cassiodorus, Jordanes</font></i><font size="1"><br></font><b>II. History</b> <br><i><font size="2">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; From the Don to the Danube  The Huns at the Danube  The Invasion of Asia  Uldin  Charaton  Octar and Ruga  Attila  Attila's Kingdom  The Huns in Italy  Collapse and Aftermath  The First Gotho-Hunnic War  The Second Gotho-Hunnic War  The End</font></i><font size="1"><br></font><b>III. Economy</b> <br><i><font size="2">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Camels  Hunnic Agriculture?  Housing  Income in Gold  Trade  Silk  Wine <br></font></i><b>IV. Society</b> <br><i><font size="2">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Aristocracy  Slaves <br></font></i><b>V. Warfare</b> <br><i><font size="2">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; General Characteristics  Horses  Bows and Arrows  Swords  Lances  The Lasso  Armor  Huns in the Roman Army <br></font></i><b>VI. Religion</b> <br><i><font size="2">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Huns and Christianity  Seers and Shamans  Divine Kingship?  Strava  The Sacred Sword  Masks and Amulets  Eidola <br></font></i><b>VII. Art</b> <br><i><font size="2">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Gold Diadems  Cauldrons  Mirrors  Personal Ornaments <br></font></i><b>VIII. Race</b> <br><i><font size="2">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Hsiung-nu  Europoids in East Asia</font></i></font><p><font size="1" face="Palatino Linotype"> <br></font><font face="Palatino Linotype" size="2"><b>IX. Language</b> <br>&nbsp; <a href="mh_1.html">1. Speculations about the Language of the Huns</a> <br>&nbsp; <a href="mh_2.html">2. Transcriptions</a> <br>&nbsp; <a href="mh_3.html">3. Etymologies</a> <br>&nbsp; <a href="mh_4.html">4. Germanized and Germanic Names</a> <br>&nbsp; <a href="mh_5.html">5 . Iranian Names</a> <br>&nbsp; <a href="mh_6a.html">6. The apposition <i>cur</i> in Turkish names</a>&nbsp;  &nbsp; <a href="mh_6.html">Turkish names</a> <br>&nbsp; <a href="mh_7.html">7. Names of Undetermined Origin</a> <br>&nbsp; <a href="mh_8.html">8. Hybrid Names</a> <br>&nbsp; <a href="mh_9.html">9. <i>Kamos</i> and <i>medos</i>, <i>Strava</i>, <i>Cucurun</i></a> <br><a href="mh_10.html">10. Tribal Names</a> <br><a href="mh_11.html">11. Conclusions</a> </font></p> <p><font face="Palatino Linotype"><b>X. Early Huns in Eastern Europe</b> <br><b>XI. Appendixes</b> <br><b>XII. Background: The Roman Empire at the Time of the Hunnic Invasions</b>,<font size="2"> <i>by Paul Alexander</i> </font> <font size="1"> <br></font><i><font size=2>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Bibliography  Abbreviations  Classical and Medieval Register  Sources  Index</font></i></font></blockquote> <font face="Palatino Linotype" size="1">[<a href="../../pb_others.html">Back</a>] </font> </body> </html>