The most characteristic features of the Bulgar grammar were:
1. Definitive articles at the end of the nouns:[Previous] [Next]
-A, -O, -OT, -ON, -ET for words of masculine gender;
-VA, -SA, -NA, -TA for words of feminine gender (See the Geographic section for more details).
2. Words of masculine gender ending in -A: BOILA, KANA, ZERA, etc.
3. Suffixes -SI, -SKHI (-SHI) and -IN for the formation of possessive adjectives (ALHASI, KHUMSKHI, ESTROGIN, etc.).
4. Suffix -CHII for the formation of nouns denoting a trade (SHARCHII, KNIHACHII, ZDCHII, etc.).
5. Formation of plural forms by -AR (CHAKARAR, BOILAR, etc.).
6. Formation of possessive forms by the suffixes -I, -GI and -IGI (ZENTI, OKHSI, SUBIGI, TAGROGI, ITZIGI, etc.).
7. Oblique case being formed by the ending -I (TES – TESI in the inscription from Nagy Saint Miklos, Hungary).
8. Characteristic suffixes -EM and -AM in the ordinal numerals (ALEM – first, TUTOM – second, etc.).
9. Diminutive suffixes -UKH, -IK, -CHU (-CHO), -CHE, -CA for the personal names (Asparukh, Valukh, Irnik, Manchu, Khanchu, Trajche, Ganica, etc.).
10. Formation of composite determinate constructions in which every preceding word determines the next one (KANA BOILA KOLOBR – the khan's great kolobr [priest], etc.).
11. A characteristic conjugation of the auxiliary verb TO BE – 'E' for third person, singular, present tense, and 'BE' – for third person, singular, past tense.
12. A characteristic word order in which the predicate was placed at the end of the sentence (ZENTI ASO E, ANZI ZERA ITZI ASO E, etc.)