The Fihrist of al-Nadīm, A Tenth-century survey of Muslim culture

Bayard Dodge

 

General Index

 

This index contains the names of localities, tribes, and sects, and also selected topics of a general interest. Only the most important page references are mentioned in connection with a name that occurs a great many times.

 

__A_    —    __B_    —    __C_    —    __D_    —    __E_    —    __F_    —    __G_    —    __H_    —    __I_    —    __J_    —    __K_    —    __L_    —    __M_    —    __N_    —    __O_    —    __P_    —    __Q_    —    __R_    —    __S_    —    __T_    —    __U_    —    __V_    —    __W_    —     __Y_    —    __Z_

 

 

A.

‘Abbās, Banū al- (‘Abbāsides), 39, 213, 237, 258, 344, 405, 502

‘Abd al-Dār, tribe, 213, 231

‘Abd Manāh, tribe, 449

‘Abd al-Qays (‘Abd al-Kays tribe), 88, 195, 232, 277, 386

‘Abd al-Shams, tribe, 213, 252, 401, 405

‘Abd Wadd, tribe, 349

Abhar, 498

Abjād, 7

Ablūṭ, 753

Abrashahr, 822

Abrogating and abrogated, 83, 397, 551, 553, 554, 556, 570

‘Abs, tribe, 232

Abū Lahab, tribe, 515

Abyssinia, Abyssinians, 36, 215

‘Ād, tribe, 207, 208, 476

‘Adan (Aden), 493

Ādharbayjān, 24, 424, 468, 473, 569, 817–18

‘Adī (‘Adīy), tribe, 100, 210, 213, 231, 244, 349

Āditya, 833

‘Adl, al-, wa-al-Tawḥīd, see Mu‘tazilah

‘Adnān, tribe, 7, 8, 129

‘Adwān, tribe, 90, 211, 350

Afghanistān, 830

Āghā Khān, 462

Aghori of Mt. Abu, 836

Ahl al-dhimmah, 530, 751

Ahl al-kitāb, 751, 753

Aḥsā’, al-, 464, 468

Ahwāz, al-, 117, 159, 224, 225, 262, 329, 497, 801, 817

‘Akk, tribe, 211

‘Alawīyah, al-, 823

Alchemy (alchemists), al-kimīyā’, 408, 474, 581, 843–68

   ancient philosophers interested, 844, 849–50

   external and internal, 867

Aleppo (Ḥalab), xvii, 183, 313

Alexandria, 46, 576, 603, 636, 637, 642, 644, 848

Algebra, 642, 653

‘Alī, tribe, 211

Almagest of Ptolemy, 639; 586, 616, 635, 638, 649, 660, 862

Amalekites (al-‘Amālīq), 207, 856

Āmid, 627

‘Āmilah, tribe, 211

‘Āmir, tribe, 98, 99, 194, 211, 213, 231, 232, 546, 548

‘Ammān, 225

Amoy, 839

‘Amr, tribe, 93, 231

Amr, al-, bi-al-Ma‘rūf, 397, 414

Āmū Daryā, River of Balkh, 792, 802

Āmul (A’amul), 256, 563

Analogy, see Qiyās, al-

‘Anazah, tribe, 232

Anbār, al-, city, 78, 163, 179, 216, 259, 423, 501; tribe, 107, 501

Andals, 841

Andalus, 30, 216

 

 

1138

 

Annam (Champa or al-Ṣanf), 831

‘Anqā’ Mughrib, fabulous bird, 332, 401

‘Ans, tribe, 212, 233

Ansār, al-, 58, 215, 219

Antioch, 579

Anwā’, al-, 191

‘Aqīl, tribe, 352

‘Aqīq, al-, 243

‘Aqr, al-, 202

Arab, Arabian, 39, 96–109, 121, 403, 406

Arākah, al-, 181

Aram, tribe, 8

Arārah, tribe, 385

Ares, 755

Aristotle’s will, 596–98

Arithmetic (calculation), 617, 628, 634–72

Armām, Battle of, 236

Armenia, Armenians, 117, 225, 259, 576, 695, 799, 817

Arqā’īl, see Erguiul

Arrajān, 307

Art, the, see Alchemy

Asad, tribe, 100, 107, 118, 155, 199, 204, 207, 210, 213, 217, 231, 349, 549

As‘adūn, tribe, 233

Asāwirah, al-, 225, 390

Ascetics, see Ṣūfī

Aṣḥāb al-Kahf, 227

Ash‘ar, tribe, 212

Ashja‘, tribe, 211, 349

Ashkanian, 713, 715, 773

Ashmūn, 845

Ashūriyūn, al-, 813

‘Askar, al-, 131, 136, 434, 470

‘Askar al-Mahdī, 214, 219, 273, 500

‘Askar Mukram, 130, 463

‘Asqalān (Askalon), 224, 637

Astrolabe, 642, 644, 649, 650, 652, 654–71

Astrology, and astronomy, 618, 621–22, 628, 634–72

Aswāriyah, 38

Athens, Athenian, 575, 590, 591, 596

Athribis, 845

‘Ātikah, 311

Auguries, 736–37, 760, 764–65

‘Awf, tribe, 231

Awradjlyūn, al-, 813–14

Aws, tribe, 118, 212, 215, 233, 243

Awṣāf, al-, wa-al-Tashbīhāt, book by al-Nadīm, xvi, 22

‘Ayn, Kitāb al-, 94-96, 132, 138, 161, 169, 175, 183, 184, 328

‘Ayn al-Wardah, see Ra’s al-‘Ayn

Azāriqah, al-, 202, 239, 417

Azd, tribe, 93, 117, 123, 128, 212, 237, 349

 

B.

Baalbek (Ba‘labakk), 29

Bab Darb al-Asad, 505

Bāb Funduq al-Zayt, 757

Bābakīyah, al- (al-Khurramīyah), 818–22

Bābil, Babylon, Babylonians, 22, 26, 463, 572, 575, 576, 578, 644, 674, 718, 773, 792–93, 802

Bāb Khurāsān, 656

Bāb Muḥawwal, 424

Bāb al-Sarāb (al-Sharāb), 757

Bāb al-Shām, 504, 854

Backgammon, see Nard

Bādarāyā, 773

Badhandūn, al-, 752

Badhdh, 818–20

Badr, battle, 223, 437, 455

Baghbūr, 838–39, 840

Baghdād, 69, 119, 143

Baghīd, tribe, 116

Baghrān, 838–39

Bāhilah, tribe, 117, 210, 232, 428

Baḥrayn, al-, 116, 216, 225

Bahurasīr, 813

Bājarwān, 115

Bajīlah, tribe, 123, 212, 233, 349

Bakr, tribe, 230, 243

Bakrananīyah, see Shackled

Bakrīyah, al-, 415

Bākusāyā, 773

Bal‘am, tribe, 231

Balharā, al-, 827

Balī (Ballī) tribe, 212, 480

Balkh, 24, 702, 824, 828; River of, see Amū Daryā

Balqayn, tribe, 212

Balthā, see Venus

Bāmar, al-, 225

 

 

1139

 

Bāmiyān (Bamian), 828–29

Banū, see proper names which follow this form

Barābī (Barābā), 847, 864, 868

Barājim, tribe, 232

Barāmikah, see Barmak Family

Bardesanians, see Dayṣānīyūn

Bardha‘ah, 424

Bāriq, tribe, 212

Barmak Family (Barāmikah, Barmakids), 143, 230, 267, 292, 326, 396, 587

Barqah, 225

Baṣrah, al-, 86–140, 170–91

Baṭā’iḥ, al-, 806, 811

Bawāzīj, al-, 569

Bawlān, 7

Bayhasīyah, al-, 452

Bayt al-Ḥikmah, 230, 274, 584, 639

Berber (Barbar), Berbers, 35, 465, 466

Bijah, tribe, 35

Bilāl-Ābād, 818, 820

Bīmāristān, al- (hospital), 247

Binkath (Tashqand), 803

Birds of prey, 739

Blaghā’, 36

Bohra, 462

Bombay, 830

Book, The, of Sībawayh, 112, 114, 123–126, 128, 131, 135, 139, 142, 185

Bookbinders, 18

Books, their virtues, 20

Bridge, frontier of Tibet, 842

Budāsaf, 824, 831

Buddha, Buddhism, 831–32

Buffons (clowns), 334–42, 735

Bukhārā, 803

Bulgar, al-, 36, 37

Būq River, 278

Burghar (Burghaz), al-, 36, 254, 400

Bushān, 837

Buṣrā, 224

Bustān, al-, 225

Būzjān, 667

Byzantines, Byzantine country, 410, 548, 579–85, 645, 647, 653, 718, 752, 763

 

C.

Caesarea (al-Qaysarīyah), 224, 552

Calligraphy, Calligraphers (see also Scripts), early innovators, 10; viziers and secretaries, 17; using gold ink, 18; used for alchemy, 864–65

Cambodia (Khmer or Qimār), 831

Camel, Battle of, 117, 202, 203, 215, 223, 238, 241, 438, 539, 553

Cancer, constellation, 622

Canton (Khānfū), 838, 840

Caucasus (al-Qabq), 37

Chalcis, in Euboea, 597

Chaldaean, Chaldaeans, 578, 731, 745, 847

Chaldaean Ṣābians, 586, 745

Champa (Tchampa), 831

Chandrabheknīyah, see moon worshipers

Ch’ang-an, 837

Charms; see Talismans

Chess, 304, 341–42, 408

China, Chinese, 31, 37, 39, 40, 89, 90, 574, 576, 726, 776, 802, 806, 836–42, 868

Christ (al-Masīḥ), Christians, 27, 48, 290, 388, 419, 448–49, 579, 581, 585, 612, 752, 776, 836–37; Christian sects, 814–16

City of Peace (Madīnat al-Salām), see Baghdād

Clepsydra, 636, 646, 672

Clowns, see Buffoons

Comets, 624, 642

Commentary (tafsīr al-Qur’ān), see Qur’ān

Conics, 637, 649

Constantinople, 586

Convent of Hind, 199

Cooking, cooked food, 742

Copt, Coptic, 36, 574, 581, 847

Coptos, 845

Cos, 674

Cosmology, 620

Court companions, see Nadīm

Cronus, see Saturn

Ctesiphon, 773, 799, 813

Cyprus, see Qubrus

 

D.

Ḍabāb, tribe, see Ḍibāb

 

 

1140

 

Ḍabbah, tribe, 92, 109, 212, 231, 349, 383, 547, 548

Ḍabīr, 153

Dahri, 468

Dahrīyah, al-, 393, 415

Dakhūl, al-, 311

Damascus (Dimashq), 27, 223, 224, 513, 583, 705

Damascus Gate, 163

Damāwand (Demavend), 23

Dār, al- (House of ‘Uthmān), 215

Dār al-Rūm (Court of the Greeks), xviii, 448, 837

Darb Abū Ḥanīfah, 504

Darb Asad, 508

Darb al-Dhahab, 854

Darb al-Ikhshād, 432

Darb al-Qibāb, 424

Dārim, tribe, 231, 308

Dasht, al-, 812

Dashtīyūn, al- (al-Dashtīn), 810, 812

Daskarah, al-, 268

Dastumīsān, 224, 262, 774

Dawraq, 159

Daws, tribe, 183, 208

Daylam, Daylamīyah, 296, 377, 482, 817

Dayr Kādī (Kādhī), 757, 764

Dayr Qunnā, 630

Dayṣānīyūn, al-, (Bardesanians), 463, 797–98, 805–806, 815

Dayṣān River, 776, 805

Deities, see Gods

Delphi, Oracle, 594

Demons (devils, satans), 727–28,756, 833

Dhū al-Abāriq, 122

Dhuhl, tribe, 193, 217, 349

Dhū Qar, battle, 243

Dialogues of Plato, 592–93

Ḍibāb, tribe, 209, 350

Dim, tribe, 212

Dimashq, see Damascus

Dinabaktanīyah, see Sun worshipers

Dīnawar, al-, 170, 172, 792, 817

Dīnāwwariyah, al-, 792

Diyār Bakr, 627

Diymart (Daymart), 188

Dreams, 742

Dualists, 33, 419, 622, 745, 804, 812, 839

Dūmah, tribe, 8

 

E.

Eclipse, 622, 652, 660

Egypt, Egyptian, 27, 28, 39, 247, 460, 472, 516–17, 579, 673, 726, 843–45, 868

Elements (the four and the five), 777, 786, 861

Elephants, 91, 215

Elixir (al-iksir), 850, 854, 863

Eloquent authors, 244–76

Ephesus, 686

Erguiul (Arqā’il), 840

Euphrates, 27

 

F.

Fables, see Stories

Faḍ, 7

Fadhūl, al-, 206

Fahm, tribe, 211, 350

Falcons, 739

Fam al-Ṣilḥ, 69, 217, 268, 394, 549

Fanā’, al-, ecstatic union with God, 474

Faq‘as, Banū, 153, 229

Fārāb, 629

Farāhīd, al-, 93

Faraj, 829

Farghānah, 662

Fāris, 225, 464, 468.

Fārisīyah, al-, 801

Fāriyāb, 629

Fars, 24, 180, 268

Fasā, 507

Faṣil, al-, 430

Fayd, 548

Fazārah, tribe, 209, 232, 349

Fiḥl (Pella), 224

Fiṭr, ‘Īd al-, feast, 459

Flood, The, 39

Franks, 30, 38

Fuḍayhyah (Fuḍīliyah), al-, 417

Fulḥān, al-, 39

Fuqaym, tribe, 397

Furāt, tribe, 94

Fusṭāṭ, al-, 467

 

G.

Gad, 760

Ganga (Ganges), Ganges pilgrims, 835

 

 

1141

 

Genealogy, genealogists, 192–252

Geometry, 619, 634–72

Georgia, 576

Ghāliyah, see Ghulāt

Ghandār, 830

Ghanī (Ghanīy) tribe, 210, 229, 232

Ghassān, tribe, 212, 233

Ghaṭafān, tribe, 117, 210

Ghawl, al-, Battle of, 236

Ghaylāniyah, al-, 388, 417

Ghazīyah, tribe, 208

Ghazzah (Gaza), 224

Ghulāt (Ghulah), 383, 539

Gods, pagan, 755–66, 827–34

Gold, ink, 18; in alchemy, 843–68

Gospel, 42, 45

Government records; translation into Arabic, 581–83

Grammar, 86–191

Grammarians of al-Baṣrah, 86–140; of al-Kūfah, 141-169; of both schools, 170–189

Greek, Greeks, 28, 30, 36, 38, 39, 42, 574–79, 583–614, 635–66, 736, 739, 868

Guru, 836

 

H.

Ḥabiṭ, tribe, 231

Ḥāḍir Ṭayy, 261

Ḥadīth, al-, 75, 190, 545–62

Ḥadīthah, al-, 88, 434

Ḥaḍramawt, 91, 233

Ḥajūn, al-, cemetery, 243

Ḥakam, tribe, 212

Halley’s Comet, 624

Hamadhān, 24, 216, 411, 773, 817

Ḥamāh, 462

Ḥamāmā, 133

Ḥamāsah, al-, 365, 374

Ḥamdān, 183, 212, 233

Ḥanīfah, tribe, 47, 210, 232, 349

Ḥanjūn, 839

Hanoi, 831

Ḥanẓalah, tribe, 307, 385

Ḥaqīl, 122

Haramayn, al-, see Pyramids

Ḥaramayn; Makkah and al-Madīnah, 470

Ḥaramīyah, al-, see Khurramīyah

Harāt, 552

Ḥārith, tribe, 111, 211, 213, 231, 233, 349

Ḥarnānīyah, al-, 745–72, 811

Ḥarrah, al-, 46, 434; the battlefield, 201, 238

Ḥarrān, 22, 46, 181, 200, 259, 274, 647, 661, 665, 670

Ḥarrānīyah, al-, 745–72

Ḥarrat Wāqim, 224

Ḥasanīyah, al-, 489, 525

Ḥashawīyah (Ḥashwīyah) al-, xvi, 417, 557

Hāshimites (Banū Hāshim), 106, 228, 245, 321, 401

Ḥasīḥ, al-, 811

Ḥāṭā, 7

Hāwar, 7

Ḥawayl, 8

Ḥawmal, 311

Hawn, al-, 204

Ḥawz, 259

Ḥayyāl al-Mayl, 127

Hazār Afsān, 713–14

Ḥazzah, 569

Hebrew, 27, 37, 38, 42

Ḥijāz, al-, 79, 202, 209, 244, 324, 494

Hijris, al-, 207

Hilāl, tribe, 453

Ḥimṣ (Homs), 224, 463

Ḥimyar, tribe, 8, 9, 36, 208, 212, 233, 493, 551

Ḥīrah, al-, 7, 98, 99, 164, 209, 218, 225, 693

Ḥirmāz, tribe, 106

Hishāmīyah, al-, 437

Ḥiṣn, tribe, 264

History, historians, 192–228

Hīt, 552

Horses, horsemanship, 737–38

House of Gold, 829

Hudhayl, tribe, 173, 204, 210, 231, 263, 386, 550

Ḥumdān (Khumdān), 840

Hurmuzān, al-, 224

 

I.

‘Ibādī (‘Ibādīyūn) al-, 209, 693

Ibāḍīyah, al-, 453, 466

 

 

1142

 

Iblīs (al-Shayṭān, the devil), 23, 778

‘Idad, al- (al-‘Iddah), 485, 529

Idols, Ṣābian, 755; Indian, 827–36; Chinese, 838-39

‘Ijl, tribe, 97, 232

Ijma‘, al-, 397, 432

Ijtihād, al-, 395

Ikhmīm, 865

I’lā (Īlā), al-, 485, 518, 529

Īliyā’, see Jerusalem

Imāmah, al-, (Imāmate), 404, 414, 417, 419, 425, 492, 570

Imāmīyah, al-, 436–42, 483, 487, 489, 491, 543

Imru’ al-Qays, tribe, 231

Incantations, see Talismans and Magic

India, Indians, 35, 39, 202, 225, 260, 574–76, 589–90, 644–45, 658, 665, 674, 715, 726, 736, 776, 799, 826–36, 868

Indian sects, 831–36

Initiation (Ṣābian), 769–72

Instruments, 672

‘Irāq, al-, 499, 574, 575

Irjā’, al-, 388, 397, 433, 447, 500

Isagoge, of Porphyry, 588, 632–33

Iṣbahān, 24, 178, 188, 271, 305, 469, 501, 531, 577, 578, 666, 817

Ishtar (Astarte), 766

Isma‘ihyah, al-, xvi, xviii, 462–73;

   succession of the imāms, 465, n. 61;

   stages of induction, 471

Israel, Israelites, 207–208

Iṣṭakhr (Persepolis), 225, 574

Istān, African tribe, 35

Istiqbāl, al-, of heavenly bodies, 760

Istiṭā‘ah, al-, 389, 391, 396, 406, 413, 422, 438, 439, 448, 453, 622

I‘tizāl, al-, 381, 393, 406, 415, 418, 429, 570

Iyād, tribe, 7, 204, 206, 207, 211, 217, 233, 410

 

J.

Jabal, 171, 268, 305, 326, 498, 866

Jabal Sabalān, 819

Jabbul, 93

Jacobites, 46, 612, 631, 814

Jadīs, tribe, 8, 208, 219

Ja‘farīyah, al-, 492

Jahmīyah, al-, 395, 397, 417, 509, 553

Jalūlā’, 224

Jamā‘ah, al-, 215, 426, 449

Jamaḥ, 231, 249

Jamājim, Dayr al-, 202

Janb, tribe, 211

Janbūn(Janfū), 839

Janjayūn, al-, 808

Jarjān, 305

Jarm, tribe, 123

Jārūdīyah, al-, 443

Jayy, 577

Jazīrah, al-, 216, 225, 472

Jazīrat ibn ‘Umārah, 133

Jerusalem (Īliyā’), 224

Jew, Jews, Jewish, 27, 43, 44, 48, 115, 290, 357, 388, 406, 415, 419, 426, 652, 655, 659, 812, 813

Jibāl, al-, 474

Jinn, 209, 291, 539, 728–29, 756–57, 760, 823

Jisr, al-, 224

Judhām, tribe, 126, 211, 233

Juggling, 732

Juhaynah, tribe, 212

Jūkhā, 773, 808

Jumānah, 125

Jumaḥ, see Jamaḥ

Jun-bukt, 828

Junbulā’, 863

Jundī Sābūr (Shāpūr), 224, 580, 697–99, 794

Jupiter, 573, 755–67

Jurham, tribe, 9, 194, 207

Jurisprudence, see Law

Jurists, see Law

Jurjān, 225, 241

Jūr (Jawr) Jur’ān, 836

Jusham, tribe, 448

 

K.

Ka‘bah, 9, 110, 117, 510, 539

Kābul, 225, 385, 499, 828

Kailāsa (Kaylāsa) mountain, 836

Kālā (Kālī), 832

Kalām, see Theology

Kalamūn, 7

Kalb, tribe, 206, 217, 222, 223, 464, 530

Kaldānīyūn, al-, 745

 

 

1143

 

Kalīlah wa-Dimnah, 260, 263, 276, 359, 715–16, 718

Kalwādhī, 464

Kankāyātrah, see Ganges pilgrims

Karaj, al-, 469

Karkh, al-, 301, 424, 437, 513

Karkh Juddān, 569

Karmān, 225, 259

Karnabā, 155

Kasdānī, 731, 863

Kashgar, 841

Kashṭīyūn, al-, 810

Kaysāniyah, al-, 823

Khālidiyah, al-, 373

Khamis, al- (the army), 258, 276, 482

Khānfū, see Canton

Kharāj, al- (land tax), 120, 218, 282, 285, 286, 297–99, 306, 397, 407, 506, 509, 510, 530

Khāriji, see Khawārij

Khath‘am, tribe, 212

Khaṭṭābiyah, al-, 462

Khawārij, al-, 115, 197, 223, 290, 380, 391, 452–54, 462, 466, 570, 627

Khawlān, tribe, 211

Khawlāniyun, al-, 812

Khayzurān, al-, 214, 500

Khazar, 36, 37

Khazraj, tribe, 118, 212, 215, 233, 243

Khindif, 204

Khizānat al-Hikmah (royal Ubrary), 262

Khmer, 831

Khoja, 462

Khurāsān, Khurāsāni, 24, 40, 89, 94, 106, 162, 216–18, 352, 419, 435, 467, 474, 483, 504, 709, 776, 792, 802, 803, 806, 822–24, 840

Khurram-ābādh, 824

Khurram-diniyah, 824

Khurramiyah, al-, 809, 817–22

Kshuzā‘ah, tribe, 212, 233, 358

Khuzaymah, tribe, 206, 231

Khūzistān, 159

Khwārizm, 114, 256, 531, 652

Kilāb, tribe, 210

Kīmiyā’, al-, see Alchemy

Kinānah, tribe, 196, 204, 207, 210, 230, 234, 349

Kindah, tribe, 205, 207, 211, 233

King Servers, 835

Kings of the Tribes (Provinces), 574, 608, 681, 718

Kirmān, 268

Kitāb, al-, see Book

Korea, see Sīlā, al-

Kuda‘, tribe, 256

Kūfah, al-, 10, 68, 81, 141–69, 170–91, 854

Kūfah Gate, 128, 179, 228

Kūh, al-, 669

Kullābīyah, al-, 449

Kunnāsh, al-, see Pandectae

Kurds, 225

 

L.

Lahab, tribe, 212

Lakhm, tribe, 231, 233

Land tax, see Kharāj

Langobardi, 30

Language, Arabic, 6–9; Persian, 22–27

Law, code of Mālik, 493–498; Abū Ḥanīfah, 499–514; al-Shāfi‘ī, 515–27; Dā’ūd ibn ‘Alī, 528–34; Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal, 533–34; al-Shī‘ah, 535–44; al-Ṭabarī, 563–68; upholders of al-Ḥadīth, 545–62; al-Shurāt, 569–70

Layth, tribe, 90, 92, 449

Leap (al-ṭafrah), 389, 393

Lexicographers, 94-96

Library of Polemaeanus at Ephesus, 586

Llaks, 38

Llān, 36

Logic, 616–17

Lūqīn, 830–31

Lydda, 718

 

M.

Ma‘add, tribe, 7, 205, 207, 213, 229

Ma‘āfir, tribe, 211

Ma‘ānī, 395

Ma‘ānī al-Qur’ān, see Qur’ān, meaning

Mabsūṭ, al-, 496, 517, 519, 520, 564

Macedonia, 574, 815

Madā’in, al-, 24, 94, 216, 224, 548, 773, 792, 818

Madḥij, tribe, 211

Madīnah, al-, 10, 68, 81, 215–19, 227, 239, 242, 247, 383–84, 494, 543, 855

 

 

1144

 

Maghrib, al- (North Africa), 384, 465, 515

Magi, Magian, 32, 326, 357, 388, 395, 415, 419, 429, 469, 776, 817, 822

Magic, Magicians, 725–33, 758–65

Mahākālayah, al-, 832–33

Māhān, 807

Māhānīyah, al-, 807

Mahdī River, 532

Mahdīyah, al-, 466

Māh Nahāwand, 24

Mahrah, tribe, 212

Majūs, see Magi

Majūsīyah, al-, 469

Makhlūq, al- (Created), see Qur’ān

Makhzūm, tribe, 201, 231, 263, 349, 383, 401, 405

Makkah, 10, 68, 147, 157, 215–18, 240, 245, 250, 666

Makrān, 225, 830

Ma’mūnīyah, al-, 281

Manābiḍ, Battle, 236

Manādhir, 224

Manichaean, 299, 622, 811, 815; the founder, 773–76, 794; cosmology, 777–83, 786–88; creation of man, 783–86; Elect and Hearers, 788; ordinances, 789–91; future Ufe, 795–97; successors and sects, 791–94, 801–803; chiefs, 804–805; books and epistles, 797–801; script, 32, 37

Mānkīr, 827

Manṣūriyah, al-, 384, 417

Manzilah, al-, bayn al-manzilatayn, 384, 417, 422

Maqbarat Bāb al-Dayr, 524

Mār, al-, al-A‘lā wa-al-Mār al-Asfal, 794

Marcionite, 22, 806-807, 815

Ma’rib, tribe, 231

Māriyūn, al-, 812

Marj Rāhiṭ, 201

Marj al-Ṣuffar, 224

Mār Māri, 630

Maronites, 814, 816

Marrān, 385

Mars, 573, 643, 755–67, 861

Marw (Merv), 256, 301, 474, 622

Marwah, at Makkah, 486

Marwān, Marw, 301

Marw al-Rūdh (Rūz), 112, 420

Māsabadhān, 225

Masjid al-Sūr, 9

Maṣṣīṣah, al-, 199

Masturbation, 335

Mathematics, 634-72

Mawṣil, al-, xvii, xviii, 46, 74, 187, 306, 352, 374–75, 472, 473, 565, 576, 587, 601, 635, 667, 866

Maymūnīyah, al-, 462

Maysān, 91, 799

Mazdakiyah, al-, 817, 821

Māzin, region, 112; tribe, 118, 124

Mechanics, 642

Medicine, 620–21, 673–711

Melchite, 46, 814

Mercury (deity), 573, 753–67, 845, 861; (quicksilver), 848, 856

Meroe (Murāwah), African tribe, 35

Messiah, 579, 682, 807

Metaphysics, see Theology

Midian, tribe, 7

Miḥnah, al-, 412

Mihrijānqadhaq, 225

Mīkhā’il, Dayr, 866

Miletus, 586

Mimadh (Maymadh), 818

Mirbad, al-, 404

Mishna, 43

Miṣr, see Egypt and al-Fusṭāṭ

Moon, deity, 755–67; moon as silver, 856, 861, 868

Moon worshipers, 834

Morals, 739–42

Mt. Ābū, 836

Mu‘allaqāt, al-, 137, 180

Mu‘allaq Mosque, 505

Mubayyaḍah, al-, 109

Muḍar, tribe, 8, 142, 210, 221, 222, 235, 245; region, 751

Mufaḍḍaliyāt, al-, 151, 166

Mughīriyah, al-, 384, 417

Mughtasilah, al-, 774, 811–12

Muhājirūn, al-, 810

Muḥakkimah, al-, 417

Muḥammirah, al-, 817

Muḥārib, tribe, 203, 211, 213, 349

 

 

1145

 

Mujāshi‘, tribe, 113

Mujbirah, al-, 388, 391, 393, 394, 397, 413–15, 418, 446–51

Mukhallad, tribe, 9

Mulḥidah, al-, Mulḥidūn, 388, 393, 394, 416

Mūltān, al-, 828, 832–33

Mulūk al-Ṭawā’if, see Kings of the Tribes

Munkar, 228, 459

Munqar (Minqar), tribe, 202

Murād, tribe, 212, 233, 519

Murji’ah, al-, 257, 357, 380, 393, 416, 417, 429, 452, 508

Murrah, tribe, 211, 232

Musallā, al-, 162

Mushabbihah, al-, 171, 397, 404, 413, 416, 428, 429

Music, 618, 628, 643, 644, 672

Muslimīyah (Abū MusUmīyah) al-, 822–24

Muslīyah, tribe, 211

Musnad, al-, 9, 553, 554, 555–59, 561

Mutakallim (Mutakallimūn) al-, see Theology

Mu‘tazilah, al-, xvi, 300, 380–454, 510, 705

Muwaṭṭā’, al-, 494–96

Muzaynah, tribe, 210, 231, 349, 521

 

N.

Nabataeans (al-Nabṭ), 22, 410, 590, 731, 811, 863

Nābitah, al-, 446–51

Nadīm, al- (court companion), xiv, I, 312, 409

Naḍr, tribe, 8

Nafīs, tribe, 8

Nahāwand, 224

Nahd, tribe, 212, 233

Nahrawān, 201, 223, 808

Nahr Tīrā, 224

Nahshal, tribe, 349

Naḥw, see Grammar

Na‘īm, al-, 413

Najadāt, al-, 417

Nājīyah, tribe, 201, 223, 453–54

Najjārīn, 488

Najrān, 836

Najrānī monk, 836–39

Nakha‘, tribe, 233

Nakīr, 228

Namir, tribe, 212, 232, 234

Nard, al-, 304, 408

Nasāh (Nasā’ah) al-, 398

Nashshāsh, 210

Naṣībīn, 327, 866

Nāsikh, al-, wa-al-mansūkh, see Abrogating

Naṣr, tribe, 211, 239

Nativity, nativities, 622, 640–59

Nawfal, tribe, 213, 326

Naysābūr, 339, 425, 488, 589, 667

Negro races, 35

Nestorian, Nestorians, 209, 813, 814, 836–37

New Testament, 45

Nihāwand, see Nahāwand

Nikkārī, al-, 466

Nīl, al-, 141

Nīsābūr, see Naysābūr

Nīṣībīn, see Naṣībīn

Nizār, 208

North, 746, 757–64

Nubia, 35, 36, 225

Nukhaylah, al-, 224

Numayr, tribe, 232, 246, 247, 349, 396

 

O.

Obscure (gharīb) in the Qur’ān, see Qur’ān

Old Testament, books of, 44, 45

Oratory, orators, 273

Oxus River, 776, 801, 812

 

P.

Palmyra, 218, 462

Pandect (pandectae), 696, 697, 700, 711

Paper, 39, 58-60

Parchment, 40

Parthian, Parthians, 575, 775

Penmanship, see calligraphy

Pens, excellence, 18, 19; sharpening, 38

Perfume, 742

Peripatetics, 596

Persia, Persians, 259, 263, 575–82, 589, 674, 713–17, 736, 739

Personal opinion (al-ra’y), 395, 397, 409, 499, 502–504, 511

 

 

1146

 

Philology, see Language

Philosopher’s Stone, 843, 851, 859, 863

Philosophy, philosophers, 571–633

Physiognomy, 736

Pigeons, 342, 376, 748–49

Pleiades, 767

Poetry, poets, 243, 307, 343–76

Poisons, 743

Preacher, see Oratory

Pyramids, 579, 845–47

 

Q.

Qaḍā’, al-, 447, 450

Qadar, al~, 447, 450

Qadariyah, al-, 383, 385, 388, 445, 453, 500

Qādim, tribe, 211

Qādisīyah, al-, 224

Qāhirah, al- (Cairo), 467

Qaḥṭān, tribe, 129, 229

Qala‘ah, al-, 224

Qala‘at Surraq, 225

Qamar, al-, see Moon

Qandahār, 830

Qānṣū (Kan-chou), 840

Qarāmaṭah, al-, 463–64, 513

Qarasat, 7

Qariṣ, 342

Qariyat (Qaryaṭ) al-Anṣār, 58

Qaryat al-‘Abdā (‘Abd Allāh), 225

Qāsimīyah, 482

Qaṣr ibn Hubayrah, 334

Qaṣr al-Jaṣṣ, 661

Qasr Waḍḍāḥ, 425

Qass Bahrām, 464

Qaṭīf, 464

Qayn, tribe, 231, 233, 349

Qays, tribe, 116, 204, 207, 210, 232

Qayṭarān (Ṣābian group), 753

Qazwīn, 820

Qiblah, al-, 484, 529, 541, 661

Qimār, 830–31

Qinnasrin, 265

Qirriyah, tribe, 376

Qissat al-Ghazāl, 206

Qiyān, see Slave girls

Qiyās, al- (analogy), 440, 513, 523, 533, 545

Qubrus (Cyprus), 224

Quḍā‘ah, tribe, 207, 212, 233

Quft (Qifṭ), see Coptos

Quhunduz, al-, 577

Qumm (Qūm), 216, 480–81, 541

Qunnā, 773

Qur’ān, al-, authorized version, 47; order of revelation, 49–53; manuscript of ‘Abd Allāh ibn Mas’ūd, 53–58; of Ubayy ibn Ka‘b, 58–61; of ‘Ali, 62; collectors, 62; readers, 63–74, 78, 84, 139; commentary, 75–76; meaning, 76, 396; technicalities, 78–83; obscure terms, 77; expressions, 78; al-makhlūq (created), 389, 393, 397, 401, 408, 412–21, 429–30.

Quraysh, tribe, 9, 48, 124, 205, 207–13, 221–22, 243, 245

Qussīn, 863

 

R.

Rabadhah, al-, 223

Rabḍ, al-, fī al-Qaṭ‘ah, 476

Rabī‘ah, tribe, 204, 206, 207, 211, 217, 221, 222, 232, 234, 235, 349, 541

Rāfiḍah, al- (al-Rawāfiḍ), 99, 357, 397, 405, 414, 417, 453, 482, 489

Rahā’, tribe, 211

Rāhit, 116

Rajamarityah, see King servers

Rajaz, 102, 108, 254, 356, 358, 359

Rāmhurmuz, 225

Raqqah, al-, 306, 504, 661

Ra’s, al-, 751, 753–54

Ra’s al-‘Ayn, 201, 238

Ra’s Qarmat, 464

Rawāfid, al-, see Rāfiḍah

Rāwandīyah, al-, 238, 504–505

Ra’y, al-, see Personal opinion

Rayy, al-, 24, 106, 144, 216, 225, 267, 336, 464, 468, 472, 474, 564, 701, 823

Rayyā, 125

Reading, readers, see Qur’ān

Revolutions (transfers of years), 640–57

Rhinoceros, 838

River of Sand, 841

Rome, Roman, 579, 636; see also Byzantine

Round City at Baghdād, 167

Rūmaqān, 808

 

 

1147

 

Ruṣāfah, al-, 84, 162, 214

Russia, 37

Rustāq, al-, 469, 803

Rustāq Jayy, 577

Rūstuqbādh (Rūstaqubādh), 117, 202, 224

Rūwā, 822

 

S.

Ṣā, 7, 845

Ṣābaḥ al-Bāṭa’iḥ (Mughtasilah), 811

Sābāṭ Abī Nūḥ, 463

Sābāṭ Rūmī, 505

Ṣābians (Ṣābah, Ṣābīyūn), 628, 647, 661, 745–72; headmen, 759–64, 768–69; initiation, 769–72; al-Ibrāhīmīyah, 41, 756; fasts, 747; feasts, 748, 755–67; prayers, 747; deities, 755–67; sacrifices, 747–48

Sābtā, 757

Sābūr, 382

Sa‘d, tribe, 97, 100, 177, 211, 231, 232, 236

Sa‘dah, 482

Sadūs, tribe, 232, 383, 384

Ṣafā‘inah, al-, see Buffoons

Ṣaḥābah, al-, 260

Ṣaḥīḥ, al-, 555, 556, 561

Sahm, tribe, 213, 231

Ṣahratāj, 224

Sakāsik, tribe, 211, 233

Sakūn, tribe, 211

Salāmān, tribe, 212

Salamīyah, 462–63, 465

Salamsīn, 753

Sāmah, tribe, 231

Samanīyah, al-, see Shamanīyah

Samarqand, 32, 178, 411, 482, 802, 803, 805

Sāmarrā, 72,124,138, 152, 247, 313, 386, 439, 449, 469

Samurah, tribe, 220

Samurah ibn Jundab, tribe, 220, 649

Ṣana‘ā’, 9, 194

Sanbīl, 224

Ṣanf, al-, 830-31

Sanskrit, 833–35

Saqālibah, 674

Saqīfah, 215

Sarāh (Sarāb, Sarāw), 819

Sarcophagus, 847

Sārwayh, 577, 579

Sasanian (Sāsānī, Sāsānid), 469, 713

Saturn, 622, 755–67, 861

Sawād, al-, 24, 117, 126, 217, 272, 286, 295, 296, 573, 581

Sawād al-Kūfah, 463–64

Saxons (and Langobardi), 30

Ṣaymarah, al-, 427

Saymūrus (semeion), 22

Scripts (writing), Arabic origins, 6; Himyarite, 9; Arabic forms, 10–16; Qur’ānic, 10; Syriac, 22; Persian, 22–27; Hebrew, 27; Greek, 28; Langobardi, 30; Saxon, 30; Chinese, 31; Manichaean and Marcion, 32; Ṣughd, 33; Sind, 34; Negro, 35; Turkish, 36; Russian, 37; Frank, 38; Armenian, 38; magic and alchemy, 864

Scriptures, 42–62

Secretary (al-kātib), secretaries, 257–73, 407

Seven Readers, see Qur’ān

Seven heavenly bodies, 755

Seven Houses of Wisdom, 573, 845

Sex, 719–23

Shackled, 835

Shādhkūh, 669

Shahrak, 255

Shahrazūr, 569

Shām, al-, 69, 216, 218, 224, 225, 275

Shamanīyah (Shamanites), 801, 824, 839, 842

Shams, al- (Helios), see Sun

Shaybān, tribe, 150, 209, 232, 349, 437, 504, 537, 659

Shī‘ah, Shī‘ī (Shiite), xvi, xviii, 195, 306, 334, 363, 404, 436–45, 467, 474, 479–92, 535–44, 557

Shīliyūn, al-, 812

Shimshāṭ, 339

Shīrāz, 341

Shirwān, 38

Shitranj, al-, see Chess

Shurāt (Shurāh), 99, 193, 247, 563, 569–570

Shu‘ūbīyah, al-, 230, 245, 262, 299, 469

 

 

1148

 

Sībūn (Si-fou), 839

Sicily, 590, 594

Sidrah al-Muntahī, 459

Ṣiff‘īn, Battle of, 117, 201, 202, 215, 241, 553

Sijistān, 24, 225, 569, 581, 829

Sikbāj, al-, 319, 322, 742

Sikkat al-Khiraqī (Kharaqī), 855

Sikkat Ṣalīḥ, 133

Sikkat Ṭarkhān, 488

Sīlā, al- (Silla, Korea), 840

Sind, al-, 34, 576

Singer, singers interested in poetry, 307–742, 408, 628

Sinn, al-, 569

Sīrāf, 130, 136, 451

Ṣīraṭ, al-, 459

Siva, 832

Slave girls, 309, 317, 324, 405

Sophists, 388, 617, 622, 629

Sorcery, see Magic

Sources (uṣūl al-fiqr), 415, 519, 536

Spherics, 617

Stageira (Stagira), 594, 596, 597

Stories, 712-24, 734-42; Thousand Tales, 713, 715; kings, 718; love and passion, 719–24

Ṣudā’, tribe, 211

Ṣūfī, al- (Ṣūfīs), 417, 455–61, 474; names of famous Ṣūfīs, 455

Sughd (Soghdiana), 33, 196, 803

Sulaym, tribe, 211, 212, 232, 322, 395, 551

Sulaymānīyah (paper), 40, 351

Ṣulbīyah, 118

Sullā, 278

Sumatar, 755–56

Sun, object of worship, 755-67; in alchemy, 856, 861, 868

Sun worshipers, 833

Sundials, 619, 654, 655, 660, 663, 664

Sung, 836-37

Sunnah, al-, 215, 495

Sunnayq, 210

Sūq al-Ahwāz, 425

Sūq al-‘Aṭash, 70, 432

Sūq al-Ghazl, 383

Sūq al-Silāḥ, 134

Sūq al-Warrāqīn, 320

Sūraḥūn, al-, 128

Surra Man Ra’ā, see Sāmarrā

Surraq, 225

Sūs, al- (Susa, Shushan), 224, 476, 477

Syria, Syrian, 22, 79, 81, 201, 202, 215, 257, 259, 462, 564, 575, 629, 726

Syriac, 22, 24, 36, 38, 590, 599–606, 611, 632, 633, 640, 648, 797

 

T.

Ṭabaristān, 225, 253, 464, 468, 481, 482, 669

Ṭābikhah, tribe, 204, 207, 231

Ṭabriz, 819

Ṭaghlib, tribe, 230, 232, 234

Ṭāhā, 512

Ṭāhiriyah, al-, 94

Ṭā’if, al-, 216, 509

Ṭājūhah (T’ai-yuan, Tājah), 837

Takht, al-, 665, 670

Takrit, 434

Ṭālaqān, al-, 464, 474

Talisman, talismans, 726–27, 732–33, 743, 754, 861, 864

Tall ‘Ukbarā, 569, 570

Tamīn, tribe, 204, 206, 207, 217, 231, 385, 483, 549, 581

Tammūz, 758, 766

Tanbur (Ṭanbūr), 319, 332, 336, 342, 358

Ṭāq al-Harrānl, 329

Ṭāq al-Zibl, 310

Ṭāqāt al-‘Akkī, 509

Tarsus (Ṭarsūs), 156, 313

Tar‘ ‘Ūz, 753

Tāshqand, 803

Tasm, tribe, 8, 115, 208, 219

Ṭawā’if, al-, see Kings of the Tribes

Tawallud, al-, 391, 393

Taym, tribe, 204, 210, 213, 231, 232,493, 501

Tayma’, tribe, 8

Taym Allāh, tribe, 499, 541

Ṭayy (Ṭayyi’), tribe, 211, 217, 233, 349, 377

Ṭayyār, 97

Tha‘alabah, tribe, 151

Tha‘ālibah, al-, 452

 

 

1149

 

Thamūd, tribe, 207, 476

Thaqīf, tribe, 211, 222, 232, 300

Thawr, tribe, 210, 545

Theology, theologians, 379–492

Thoth, 845, 848

Thu‘al, tribe, 217

Thumālah, tribe, 128

Tibet, Tibetans, 37, 836, 840–42

Tigris, 418

Tihāmah, 89

Tonkin, 831

Torah, al-, 42-45

Translation, translators, Greek and Latin, 586–89; Persian and Indian, 589

Transoxiana, 32, 801, 802, 823–24

Tribes, their faults and virtues, 231–34

Ṭūbā tree, 459

Tūḍiḥ, 311

Tughuzghuz, 802, 840, 842

Tunbur (Ṭunbūr), see Tanbur

Tunis, 466

Tūnkath, 33, 803

Ṭūr, al- (Mt. Sinai), 488

Turks, 33, 36, 37, 726, 739, 802, 823, 840

Tūrūniyah, al-, 37

Tustar (Shuster), 23, 224

Tūz, al-, 39, 576–78, 847

 

U.

Uballah, al-, 225

Udad, tribe, 212

‘Udhrah, tribe, 212

Ujurr, al- (Cupola of), 764

‘Ukl (‘Ukal), tribe, 102, 210, 231

‘Ulays, tribe, 464

‘Umān, 133, 136, 237, 569

Umayyah, Banū, 39, 108, 196, 197, 218, 264, 308, 502, 823

‘Umrān, 282

‘Uqayl, tribe, 383, 384, 385

Usayd ibn Abī al-‘Īs, clan, 547

Uṣūl, al-, see Sources

‘Uthmānīyah, al-, 404–405

 

V.

Venus, 755–67, 861

Veterinary (surgery), 738–39

Vision of al-Ma’mūn, 583

 

W.

Wa‘amlakmā, 811

Wa‘īd, al-, 391, 392, 393, 396, 413, 416, 423

Wāqifah, al-, 417

Wāqūṣah, al-, 224

Warfare, 737–38

Warrāq, Warrāqūn, xiv, 1, 94, 97, 126, 255, 304, 320, 402, 407, 425, 631, 723, 855

Wāsiṭ, 216, 319, 377, 491, 504, 551, 657

Water clock, see Clepsydra

Wayl, tribe, 116

Women, poetesses and scholars, 103, 361–62

 

Y.

Yabrīn, 143

Yamāmah, 47, 116, 216, 225, 507

Yaman, al- (Yemen), 116, 123, 128, 207, 208, 216, 218, 221, 222, 233, 235, 462, 464, 466, 468, 521, 546, 674

Yarbū‘, tribe, 231, 349

Yarmūk, al-, 224

Yashkur, tribe, 118, 195, 232, 349

Yifrān, Berber tribe, 466

 

Z.

Zabrukh, al-, 757, 764

Zabulistān, 225

Zabūr, al- (Psalms), 43

Zaghāwah, Negro tribe, 35

Ẓāhirīyah, al-, 179

Ẓahr, Battle of, 236

Zamm, 256

Zamzam Well, 202, 241

Zanādiqah, al- (al-zandīq), 264, 357, 415, 416, 422, 437, 468, 739, 802–804

Zanātā, Berber tribe, 466

Zanj, al-, 130, 133, 279, 329

Zanjān, 820

Zawzan, 38

Zayd, tribe, 210

Zaydīyah, al-, xvii, 380, 404, 405, 443–445, 481–82

Zaytūn, 839

Zīj al-Shahriyār, 578, 589

Ziyādīyūn, al-, 391

Zoroastrians, 299, 802

Zubayd, tribe, 213, 233

Zuhrah, tribe, 231

Zun-bukt, 828

 

 

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